What is phonics?

Phonics is the knowledge of phonemes and graphemes and how these are used to read and spell words.

Phonemes are the sounds that are made by a single letter or group of letters.

A grapheme is the written equivalent of a phoneme.


To ensure the delivery of high quality, systematic phonic work for all children.

To establish the consistent practice, progression and continuity in the teaching and learning of phonics and spelling throughout the school.

To give all children word work strategies that will enable them to become fluent readers and confident writers.

To differentiate phonics and spelling work to enable all children to progress and achieve at appropriate levels.

Teaching and Learning

At Stathern Primary, we currently teach phonics using the programme ‘Letters and Sounds’, we are soon excited to reveal the latest DfE SSP, watch for more details! ‘Letters and Sounds’ suggests a fast paced, clearly progressive approach to teaching phonics, which is divided, into six phases. Children progress through the phases at different speeds and to enable us to meet the needs of all children; we group the children according to the phase they are working at.

Phonics is taught for a twenty-minute session on a daily basis in the Early Years/ Key Stage 1 classes. Sessions include a range of activities that allow the children to revise their knowledge, learn new sounds and apply and practice their skills.

In Key Stage 2, the approach is carried on in spelling sessions and also intervention programmes for children who are not making sufficient progress.

High-quality phonics teaching helps children develop their reading, writing, spelling and general communication skills. It helps secure the crucial skills of word recognition that enable children to read fluently, allowing them to concentrate on the meaning of the text. Activities are designed to teach word decoding and recognition skills as well as comprehension skills.